Volume 1 Number 26
June 28, 2004


St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge

Spring Creek is located 27 miles south of Tallahassee.

 Cold Hole boil in Spring Creek is just minutes by sailboat from the marina, and is a favorite swimming hole.


The Governor and Cabinet, serving as the Administration Commission, posed the question of a connection between water quality and the Floridan Aquifer to Wakulla County in a recent decision finding a proposed land use change not in compliance.

The proposed land use change would have allowed approximately 266 acres in Wakulla County to be changed from a rural-2 and agricultural zoning to urban-1 in anticipation of residential development.

The Governor and Cabinet agreed with the recommended order of an Administrative Law Judge that found the land use change not in compliance.

Upon the motion of CFO Gallagher and unanimous consent by the Governor and Cabinet, they further directed Wakulla County to establish the extent of the wetlands on the proposed development before determining whether the site is suitable for the proposed use.

The Floridan aquifer is one of the highest producing aquifers in the world. It is found throughout Florida and extends into the southern portions of Alabama, Georgia, and South Carolina. This aquifer system is comprised of a sequence of limestone and dolomite, which thickens from about 250 feet in Georgia to about 3000 feet in south Florida.  The upper Floridan aquifer is the principal source of water supply in most of north and central Florida.  Groundwater flow is generally from highs near the center of the state towards the coast. The Floridan aquifer is the source of many springs in Florida.

Spring Creek is adjacent to the proposed development.

As the greatest group of all of the aquifer's springs, Spring Creek lies just offshore of the community named for it in Wakulla County.  Not only is Spring Creek by far the largest known spring cluster, but its main spring may be one of the the largest single springs in Florida. Spring Creek appears to have several first-magnitude springs, and at low tide these flows present the most dramatic boils of any Florida spring as they come up in the salt-water estuary on the coast. The area is surrounded by the St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge.