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Cash Management Improvement Act

In 1990 the Cash Management Improvement Act (CMIA) was passed by Congress and the Unites States Financial Management Service (FMS) was charged with implementing the regulations. As defined by Congress the purpose of CMIA is to ensure the efficiency, effectiveness, and equity in the transfer of funds between state and federal governments.


The major provisions of CMIA are:

  • Federal agencies must make timely fund disbursements and grant awards to the states.
  • State and federal agencies must minimize the time between the transfer of federal funds to states.
  • States are entitled to interest from the federal government for the time state funds are advanced for program purposes pending federal reimbursement.
  • The federal government is entitled to interest from the states for the time federal funds are in the state accounts pending issuance of checks/warrants for payment of programs.


The CMIA representative from the state and federal government negotiate an agreement. The agreement covers state programs funded with federal dollars identified as major programs reported in the Statewide Single Audit Report. This agreement describes the processes that will be used to deposit federal dollars into various state accounts as well as how the state will draw down the dollars from the accounts. Significant deviations from the agreed upon processes result in interest being owed to or from the state.


To view the federal regulation governing CMIA, visit the web-site www.fms.treas.gov/cmia/statute.html

Agreement and Reports:

CMIA Agreement

Reporting Guidelines for CMIA Annual Report

Annual Budget Estimate